Where Are They? And why haven’t we found them yet? by Steven Lazaroff and Mark Rodger
This could be the best non-fiction book I’ve ever read.I bought this book because I had previously bought and enjoyed History’s Greatest Deceptions and Confidence Scams. That book wasn’t perfect, but it was good enough that I wanted to see what they’d written next. And I am so glad I did. Where Are They? shows what happens when writers gain confidence in what they are doing. This book soars to the heights – both in its subject matter and literally, as a masterpiece in conveying information.
The title comes from physicist Enrico Fermi who said, about theories that Earth should already have received extraterrestrial visitors and yet no convincing evidence of a visit existed, “Where is everybody?” The universe should be teeming with civilisations at one level of development or another – so where are they?
The book examines all the current theories that have been developed to answer this question. It takes no sides. It simply sets out the present state of knowledge. But it does so in the most brilliant, beautiful prose. So brilliant that I would recommend this book even to readers with no interest in the search for alien intelligence, simply because they will enjoy the limpid prose and the humour with which the arguments are presented.
Here is an example:
‘Imagine that you are in the same position as one of those alien astronauts being tapped up for a journey to Earth from the galaxy MACS0647-JD. It’s 13.3 billion light years away, so – if your civilisation has developed a form of transportation that will travel at the speed of light – the time spent on the journey is unimaginable. Would you want to do it? Leave the kids, your husband and your book club knowing that at the end of your journey you would encounter a civilisation a few hundred millennia less developed than yours? And that you couldn’t get home for nearly 27 billion years at the earliest, by which time your planet would in all possibility have come to the end of its life? And that, when you arrived on Earth, your body would have been renewed some eighty times, so you wouldn’t really still be you at all?’
Not a single prominent theory about the evolution of life forms has been left out. It’s also clear that the authors take a dim (they would probably say “realistic”) view of humanity’s fitness to receive visitors from another civilisation.
I’ll say it again: this could be the best non-fiction book I’ve ever read. Do yourself the most amazing favour and READ IT.
Return to Reviews of Other People’s Books
Review by David Ben Efraim of Quick Review Books
Steven Lazaroff and Mark Rodger take the Logical Route
Our society has most recently developed its tremendous fascination with outer space, largely due to the fact our observational and communicative technologies have advanced by nigh-incalculable leaps in the past decades. However, the allure of the stars always captured the imagination of our ancestors, even as primitive as cavemen if we are to judge by the paintings they left behind. We have been striving for countless years to gain a few more grains of knowledge on what lies beyond our Earthly realms, and if we take a look at the progress we have made in its totality, we would find it is both extremely significant and insignificant at the same time. We might know a lot more than we once did, but it still remains virtually nothing in the grand scheme of things. Nevertheless, Steven Lazaroff and Mark Rodger have decided to compress this sum of human knowledge into a book titled Where Are They?.
The first thing I should mention, this is a non-fiction book and its aim is to explore as profoundly as possible both sides of the argument debating on the existence of aliens and our likelihood of ever meeting them. In order to do so, it begins with hypothetical explorations of the many different scenarios which might result from us encountering aliens in the future. Following that, they take a more grounded approach as they examine the various efforts we've made in an attempt to find alien life forms as well as the theories we have developed over time. The book then expands into evolutionary theories which might account for both the existence or inexistence of aliens. For the final stretch, the authors focus on where they believe the road ahead might lead us and what we ought to expect based on what we have witnessed on Earth.
A Light Read on a Heavy Topic
It should go without saying the science of space exploration is extremely complicated, involving various fields such as cosmology, physics, biology, and probably many more with names I could never hope to remember. Somehow, the authors have managed to do away with the overwhelming majority of complicated stuff and have laid things out in layman's terms. Even the more complex theories, calculations and philosophies are explained in a very simple and intuitive manner, and I believe this is one of the main reasons I enjoyed this book so much. As much as I would love to know all the intricacies behind the calculations at the SETI Project or the profound implications of isolationism, I accept they are more than a tad beyond me, unless of course I have countless hours to dedicate to their study... which I don't.
In my previous non-fictional readings on the subject of aliens, I often found the authors either kept things far too simple and surface-level, or they dove so deeply into the technical details they were never seen again. This book feels like it strikes the perfect middle ground between the two, as I never had any problems progressing or felt the need to re-read what I just went through for comprehension purposes. I always had a good understanding of what the authors were trying to depict, and what's more, I really felt like I was learning from one page to the next. Perhaps it has to do with the authors' slightly humorous and easy-going style, but the information never had any problems sticking in my mind.
The Unbiased Perspective
Authors who write on the subject of aliens generally have their minds set on a certain theory or scenario they believe to be the likeliest... and are thus biased in their dissection of the subject. While I wouldn't say the authors here have achieved complete and utter neutrality (their passion for the possibility of alien life existing briefly manifests itself from time to time), they have come closer than most. I never got the sense they were trying to push something down my throat or guide me along a specific path to shape my beliefs. They do a fantastic job of setting their own notions aside for the most part, simply delivering the cold, hard facts and renowned published theories.
I felt this even held true for the more philosophical parts of the book where the authors explore the various possible implications of first contact, technology exchange, or us being alone in the universe, just to name a few. Would the elite seek to hoard knowledge and technology from the aliens? Developmentally-speaking, are we prepared for the moral responsibilities of incredible advancements? They raise some very interesting points which I found pushed me to do further research, rather than jump to any conclusions. Ultimately, I feel the authors truly want to educate their readers, providing them with the resources and curiosity necessary to delve deeper into the subject and perhaps even develop their own theories on the matter. After all, while we might know more than we once did, we still know virtually nothing in the grand scheme of things... a thing Lazaroff and Rodger always keep in mind.
The Final Verdict
All in all, Where Are They? by Steven Lazaroff and Mark Rodger is probably the most engaging and reader-friendly nonfiction book on aliens I have had the pleasure of reviewing, at least in recent memory. It's written in a slightly humours and easy style and covers all the bases of our search for alien life without going in too deep but still providing a big enough wealth of information. If you are even remotely interested in aliens what humanity has accomplished in its search for them, then I strongly recommend you give this book a shot.
The term “scam” is really a new word in the English lexicon and has come to supersede its older and more distinguished original cousin, “the confidence game” or “con game”, as it became popularly known at the time. One constant in human history is the tendency to want to shorten and simplify some of the most descriptive concepts we have, to anything that can be mumbled as a single syllable mouthful.
Throughout history, there have always been fraudsters and tricksters ready and willing to part people from their money with smooth talking and tall tales, but the first formally recorded “confidence trick” was uniquely American in its origins and set the bar for both simplicity and sheer guts, both hallmarks of the most successful frauds ever perpetrated.
In the late 1840’s the east coast of the United States was awash with the nouveau riche, and men wearing top hats to look important. Good manners and polite society were everything unless you were a slave in which case the top hat was entirely optional. It was the age of Jane Austen, white gloves, carriages and over-the-top manners. It was also the time of pocket watches, dangling from gold chains. Victorian sensibilities dictated that the bigger and shinier the watch, the bigger and shinier the man.
Enter one William Thompson, arguably the originator of the term “confidence man”, a genius operator and a personal hero to the career grifter. Little is known about where he came from, but what is certain is that he had his finger on the pulse of well-heeled suckers strolling the walkways and avenues of Manhattan in the mid-nineteenth century.
Meeting someone was a rigid, formal affair with protocol and procedures; the handshake, tip of the hat and bow were rigidly choreographed. Failure to introduce oneself properly or be introduced according to accepted custom was seen as an embarrassment to both parties – and embarrassment was worse than a bleeding head wound, to be avoided at all costs. Operating in New York in the 1840s, William was a keen observer of human behaviour. He realized that, with such pomp and ceremony surrounding every introduction, it was considered the ultimate in bad manners not to remember people that one might have been acquainted with – he calculated that when confronted with a stranger that said he was a friend, most men would likely act as though they remembered a meeting that had never happened.
William thought he might be able to leverage this, and so would often stroll along the city streets, until he spotted an upper-class sucker, at which time he would approach and pretend to know them and be a past acquaintance, someone that they had met before. Rather than be embarrassed, the mark would usually smile, nod and pretend that he knew who William was – better that than risk dishonour, or a pistol duel – which was how some matters of honour were settled at the time.
After some friendly chatting, and a little trust-gaining, Thompson would throw out his hook, asking “Have you confidence in me to trust me with your watch until tomorrow?” He wasn’t all about watches – sometimes he would ask for money. It’s good to diversify. More often than not, the mark would part with the watch or the money (or sometimes both) and William would depart, promising to meet the next day to return the property. Naturally, he didn’t keep the next day’s appointment and would often stroll away, laughing to himself.
He repeated this game dozens of times until he had the bad luck to happen across a former victim, who promptly summoned a roving policeman who gave chase. After a frantic foot pursuit through Manhattan and a dramatic struggle, William was bodily subdued and arrested. Perhaps he was slowed down by the weight of all those pocket watches; it was reported that he had several on him at the time he was caught.
His arrest and the subsequent article in the New York Herald called “Arrest of the Confidence Man” made headlines across the country; he was headed to trial in 1849. The press noted his specific appeals to victims’ “confidence” and thereafter he was known in the press as “The Confidence Man”. And so the term was born, and “confidence game” or “con” became part of our vocabulary, and spawned an endless series of quick-buck fraudster copycats that said, “me too”!
This is the story of some of the greatest.
Some discussions in some facebook groups that I belong to have centered on the subject
of religion, so I thought I'd include an excerpt from our book that discussed the religious angle.
And those trade arrangements of the past were very one-sided. If our experience
with extra-terrestrials mirrors that of peoples colonised by Europeans, “trade” will not
be something conducted by equals – Earth will have resources that the aliens need
and what they will offer in return will amount to the equivalent of glass beads. But
then, it’s as well to remember that the kind of civilisation imagined here is likely to
regard an iPhone X as the equivalent of glass beads.
A close look at European colonial history suggests other possibilities, too. Earth
may be invaded to spread religion, as many countries on this planet were invaded to
force people to adopt Christianity. Or Islam. Or Communism. And that brings us back
to the question of how people will respond. This will be dealt with in more detail later
in this book, but it is often suggested that one of the big losers on Earth in the event
of discovery of an extra-terrestrial civilisation would be religion. And that is not, in
fact, necessarily so. A cartoon doing the Facebook rounds recently showed some
aliens on another planet talking to visitors from Earth. ‘Jesus?’ says one of the
aliens. ‘We know him well. He drops in about once a month. We give him coffee and
cakes. How did you treat him?’
Suppose the invaders brought with them a holy book that told roughly the
same story as the Bible. Or the Quran. Or some other religious
text already known here. Is it possible to imagine anything that could better reinforce
an existing religious message?
Then again, there’s the possibility that the extra-terrestrials’ values are so far from
those of humans that it is impossible for humans to understand them. Earth provides
a fairly benign environment for the human race to grow up in. When humans have
been able to desist from killing each other, in the cause of religion or trade or simply
because humans are tribal and don’t really like people from other tribes, the world
has mostly been kind to them. Imagine a different planet – the one from which the
inter-stellar visitors are coming – in which every day is a struggle for survival. These
aliens did not emerge unscathed from their own planet’s evolution. They survived
because they became better at killing other species than other species became at
killing them. What mindset – what value system – are such people likely to have
It’s extremely likely to be the idea that the universe is predicated on the survival of
the fittest. They believe that, if humans are unable to resist them effectively, humans
are not fit for survival. They would be justified in killing us, just because they could.
Justified not, perhaps, by our standards and values, but certainly by theirs – and it
would be their standards and values that counted, because “might is right.”
'Where are They?' is available for Pre Order now on Kindle. Release date is on Sept 18th.
Paperback will be available on Sept 18th, Sign up to our newsletter for a reminder if you
want the physical copy.
Get your pre order here.
I'm a pretty competitive guy. I like to rank, measure, tweak and push the envelope in everything I do.
Imagine my pleasant surprise to find out that Amazon has ranked our upcoming release
<Where Are they> in their number one spot for upcoming releases in Cosmology,
beating out Stephen Hawking!
To our readers, followers, friends and family that helped with the pre-orders; you have our gratitude. We hope to maintain the position between now and launch date on the 18th of September.
Je suis un individu assez compétitif. J'aime classer, mesurer, ajuster et pousser l'enveloppe dans tout ce que je fais.
Imaginez ma bonne surprise de découvrir que Amazon a classé notre prochaine version
<Où sont-ils> dans la première place pour les versions à venir en cosmologie,
Ont bat meme Stephen Hawking!
À nos lecteurs, amis et famille qui ont aidé avec les précommandes; vous avez notre gratitude. Nous espérons maintenir la position entre maintenant et la date de lancement le 18 septembre.
The Launch of our next book 'Where are They?' is coming on September 18th.
Amazon's algorithm helps a book along by providing free exposure and ranking when a book in pre-release has a good volume of pre-orders. So naturally, we need to encourage the pre-orders.
For a very limited time, our launch price will be at 0.99c. This price won't be available for long, so if you are curious about our book or just want to send a helping hand along to our project, here's how to help.
As a Bonus, we are offering a free copy of our first book 'History's Greatest Deceptions and Confidence Scams' if you purchase a pre-order of our pre-release of 'Where are They?'
If you don't own a Kindle, you can easily download a Kindle application for your smartphone or tablet. You can find one free for Android here or for apple IOs here.
After registering your profile with the Kindle app, find the book by searching for either my name or Mark's name in the search field.
Click on the Pre-order link. You will not be charged at this time. You will be charged on Sept 18th, the date of our launch.
Once Sept 18th comes along, the book will be automatically entered in your Kindle app.
Oh and please don't forget to review our book after you've bought it.
Mark and I thank you for your help.
Le lancement de notre prochain livre "Où sont-ils?" arrive à grand pas, le 18 septembre.
L'algorithme d'Amazon aide un auteur en fournissant une visibilité gratuite et un classement important lorsqu'un livre en pré-lancement a un bon volume de pré-commandes. Donc, naturellement, nous devons encourager les pré-commandes.
Pour un temps très limité, notre prix de lancement sera à 0.99c. Ce prix ne sera pas disponible pour longtemps, donc si vous êtes curieux de connaître notre livre ou si vous voulez simplement nous envoyer un coup de main à notre projet, voici comment vous pouvez aider.
En prime, nous offrons une copie gratuite de notre premier livre «History's Greatest Deceptions and Confidence Scams» (Disponible pour l'instant seulement en anglais) si vous achetez une pré-commande de notre pré-lancement de «Où sont-ils? » -
Si vous ne possédez pas de Kindle, vous pouvez facilement télécharger une application Kindle pour votre smartphone ou votre tablette. Vous pouvez en trouver un gratuitement pour Android ici ou pour Apple IOs ici.
Après avoir enregistré votre profil avec l'application Kindle, recherchez le livre en recherchant mon nom ou celui de Mark dans le champ de recherche.
Cliquez sur le lien Précommande. Vous ne serez pas facturé pour le moment. Vous serez facturé le 18 septembre, date de notre lancement.
Une fois arrivé le 18 septembre, le livre sera automatiquement entré dans votre application Kindle.
Oh et s'il vous plaît n'oubliez pas de revoir notre livre après l'avoir acheté!
Au nom de Mark et moi, nous vous remercions.
Coming September 18th, get your pre-order from Amazon in either English or French
#SETI #aliens #UFO
Voici trois propositions:
Cela signifie-t-il qu'il n'y a rien à découvrir ou plutôt que nous ne cherchons pas de la bonne façon, ou au bon endroit? Nous ne disposons peut-être pas encore des technologies requises pour mener une recherche efficace? Si la vie - une vie intelligente - existe ailleurs, où est-elle? Pourquoi ne l'avons-nous pas trouvée, et pourquoi ne nous a-t-elle pas trouvés?
Comment être sûrs qu'elle ne nous a pas trouvées? Beaucoup de personnes croient que c’est le cas et que nous ne nous en sommes tout simplement pas rendu compte, soit parce qu’elle est cachée, soit parce que nous ne savons pas ce qu’il faut chercher.
Deux autres propositions:
Passez plutôt à la deuxième proposition. Ces formes de vie qui ont 500 000 ans d'avance sur la Terre, si elles viennent ici, de quoi seraient-elles capables? Pourraient-elles asservir l’humanité et le voudraient-elles? Nous chasseraient-elles comme s’il s’agissait d’un sport? Peut-être encore, conservaient-t-elles les humains en tant qu’animaux de compagnie pour les utiliser comme sujets de conversation lors des soirées?
L’éventualité de l’existence d’une vie extra-terrestre a fasciné les humains depuis la nuit des temps. La Guerre des Mondes, inspiré par l'idée (reconnue désormais comme étant fausse) qu'il y aurait des canaux artificiels sur Mars, avait placé cette vie extra-terrestre aussi près de nous que possible. Nous savons maintenant qu’il y a du pergélisol sur Mars. Du pergélisol implique donc de l'eau. De l’eau implique l’éventualité de la vie. Personne ne s’attend à y voir un être ressemblant à un humain y nager. La manifestation de vie la plus probable serait sous la forme de bactéries.
Une bactérie est cependant bien une forme de vie. Son existence signifierait que les conditions de développement de la vie ont existé ailleurs que sur Terre. Si les bactéries peuvent prospérer hors de notre planète, alors qui peut certifier qu'il n’existe pas, quelque part, une équipe de football participant à la Coupe du Monde d’une planète autre que la Terre?
En réalité, les bactéries de Mars ne répondraient pas à notre grande question. La Terre et Mars se sont échangé dans les deux sens beaucoup de matériel alors qu’ils ont subi les impacts d’énormes astéroïdes. En s’écrasant sur Terre, un astéroïde devient météorite et son impact, s’il est suffisamment puissant peut arracher des masses rocheuses à la planète. Qui sait si les bactéries de Mars ne proviennent pas de la Terre? Dans le même ordre d’idée, qui sait si la vie intelligente sur Terre ne s’y est pas développée à cause des bactéries primitives qui ont voyagé depuis Mars, et qui ont trouvé ici de meilleures conditions pour leur développement. Notre grande question est en effet la suivante: est-il possible que la vie ait évolué à partir de rien dans plus d’un endroit dans l'univers?
C'est une question au sujet de laquelle les scientifiques restent prudents. Charles Darwin, lorsqu’il a élaboré le schéma de l’évolution des différentes formes de vie, a prudemment omis de mentionner d'où elles venaient vraiment. Il n'a pas parlé de Dieu et il n'a pas non plus parlé de hasard complet. Certains scientifiques diront que même les formes de vie les plus simples sont en fait si complexes qu'il est presque impossible que la séquence d’évolutions qui a conduit à la formation de la toute première bactérie ait eu lieu ailleurs dans l'univers; nous y serions donc seuls. D’autres encore disent: « Si cela est si complexe, comment se peut-il que la vie se soit produite par hasard? Pourquoi ne serait-ce pas plutôt planifié, mais par qui? Comment les Terriens peuvent-ils être aussi arrogants pour prétendre que la vie a été planifié qu’une seule fois et ce, uniquement sur cette planète? »
Fred Hoyle et N. Chandra Wickramasinghe ont dit qu'il était impossible que la vie ait pu émerger par hasard. Cette probabilité, ont-ils dit, équivaudrait à une chance sur 10 puissances de 40 000. Puisque la majorité des humains communs ne peuvent se représenter un tel nombre, ils ont eu la bonne idée d’ajouter qu’il s’agissait là « d’une probabilité extrêmement faible ». Richard Dawkins ne partage pas ce point de vue et traite avec mépris toute personne qui croit que le développement de la vie ne puisse, même théoriquement, n'être qu'un accident. Stephen Hawking, dans le dernier livre publié avant sa mort, a dit que l'univers n'a pas été créé par Dieu. Plutôt, il s’agissait là de l’inévitable résultat des lois de la nature. Oui, Stephen. Très bien. Cependant, les lois de la nature, d'où viennent-elles?
La vie extraterrestre existe-t-elle? Le but de ce livre n'est pas de prendre parti d'un côté ou de l'autre sur cette question. Plutôt, nous proposons d’explorer l'état actuel de nos connaissances sur le sujet pour ultimement tenter de répondre à la question à savoir si nous sommes seuls dans l'univers. Il n'y a aucun doute: cette question préoccupe les humains depuis qu'ils sont humains, et selon nous, c'est une question qui perdurera tant que vivra l’être humain.
S'il y avait des êtres intelligents ailleurs dans l'univers, où sont-ils ?
THE SETI PROJECT
Officially, the SETI Project is the Search for Extra-terrestrial Intelligence, but it’s actually a little more tightly defined than that.
Quest for Fire (originally, in French, La guère du feu), was a French movie made in Scotland, in Kenya, and on Vancouver Island and set in the Europe of 80,000 years ago. It was about control of fire – who had it, who wanted it, and how they could get it – but it ends in a way relevant to this chapter. The love interest is provided by Ika, a young woman played by Rae Dawn Chong, and Naoh (not Noah), a young man played by Everett McGill. At the very end of the movie, the two expectant lovers (Ika is pregnant) sit on the ground in an embrace and gaze at the moon. They speak to each other in a language supposedly developed just for this film by British author Anthony Burgess, though in fact he lifted it wholesale from northern Canada’s Cree/Inuit people. (The Inuit got a special kick out of the movie because the words being spoken had nothing to do with the on-screen action – but most viewers would not know that). Their gestures and facial expressions make it clear that they are talking about the moon. What is it? Where is it – how do you get there? Are there animals that could be killed for food? Are there animals that might kill them for food? And are there people there? People like Ika and Naoh?
This is the conversation of intelligent humans. They are able to build on their experience, discuss it in terms that others can understand, pose questions and suggest possible answers. Intelligence is at work. If someone on another planet had a conversation like this, that would be regarded as extra-terrestrial intelligence. Anyone looking at Ika and Naoh from another galaxy would draw the same conclusion: this is extra-terrestrial intelligence.
But it is not the sort of extra-terrestrial intelligence that the SETI Project is ever going to find, because Ika and Naoh are not capable of sending signals into space. However intelligent they may be, they lack the technology to do that.
So the project’s name is not entirely accurate. Really, it is the search for extra-terrestrial intelligence that has reached a stage of development at which it is capable of transmitting signals into space.
And that is inevitable, because a civilisation on another planet, perhaps in another galaxy, is most likely to come to the attention of watchers on earth if it can transmit signals that can be recognised here for what they are.
The search exists in its own right, and has done for as long as humans have been looking at the sky through telescopes. In the last 30 years or so, the SETI Institute has become one of the key searchers. The common view is that the SETI Institute is a bunch of scientists examining radio waves looking for characteristics that would say, “This is not noise. This did not happen by chance. This is a signal initiated and transmitted by an intelligent being.” The reality is more complex and more diverse;
"The question of whether or not we're alone in the Universe is one of the biggest and most profound questions we can ask. This thought-provoking examination of the science and philosophy behind this question is well-researched and eminently readable."
UK Ministry of Defense (Retired)
"Where Are They?" is set to release on Sept 18th, 2018 in Both English and French.
Order information can be found by following this link here.
Featured Author Steven Lazaroff
By Christine Liston
Featured Interview With Steven Lazaroff
Tell us a little about yourself. Where were you raised? Where do you live now?
I was a Military Brat, we moved around a lot during my youth. I lived in several cities in Canada and did a brief stint overseas in Germany when my father served with the Royal 22nd Regiment at the height of the cold war.
Mark, my co-writer and I met in high school and we have remained friends ever since, 30 years later.
He is a bit of an eccentric and has not yet done interviews.
At what age did you realize your fascination with books? When did you start writing?
I was a voracious reader from a young age. Having to rebuild friendships every two years caused me to escape into stories. I started writing short stories and poems in Junior high School and have since been writing in amateur formats ever since. My day job requires me to write very descriptive content regularly.
Who are your favorite authors to read? What is your favorite genre to read. Who Inspires you in your writings?
I loved the Narnia series from C.S. Lewis and pretty much anything from Piers Anthony at a YA stage in my life. Later my tastes evolved to Asimov and Frank Hebert. Simon Scarrow wrote a fantastic Historical fiction series called ‘Eagles of the Empire’ that I really enjoyed. Scarrow also did a series called ‘Wellington and Napoleon’ which I really got into. Finally, I enjoyed Hunter S. Thompson and followed the style of Gonzo journalism, which is perhaps why my writing is humorous and sarcastic.
Tell us a little about your latest book?
Its a collection of short stories essentially. You can pick up any chapter in any order and each chapter is its own stand-alone story. Mark and I researched and documented an example of a confidence scam perpetrated on people at every epoch of recorded human history. We start with the ancient Egyptians, move on the late Roman empire, then middle kingdom’s era of China, all the way through the modern age. Each chapter explains, in detail how the deception or confidence scam was conceived, executed and concluded. There is a lot of humor to keep the reader from being bored. Especially for people that typically don’t enjoy reading history.
Connect with the Author on their Websites and Social media profiles
Original article site can be found here
Steven Lazaroff’s Website
Steven Lazaroff Facebook Page
Steven Lazaroff Twitter Account